Category: mandarin grammar

山很高 /Shān hěn gāo/ THE MOUNTAIN IS HIGH

山很高 /Shān hěn gāo/ THE MOUNTAIN IS HIGH

海很深 /Hǎi hěn shēn/ THE SEA IS DEEP

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Describing that something is HIGH or DEEP is speaking of quality.

When we speak of quality, we connect “verbs of quality” with /hěn/.

Why?

Without it we would be saying that THE MOUNTAIN IS HIGHER and THE SEA IS DEEPER.

This rule applies to positive notification sentences.

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FM_yunfei

2 FUNCTIONS OF THE WORD 在 /zài/

2 FUNCTIONS OF THE WORD 在 /zài/

1) it means TO BE SOMEWHERE (and of course it can be used just as a preposition)

2) it is a short version of 现在 /xiànzài/ NOW

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Also notice the sound similarity of words /hái/ 还 STILL and /hǎi/ 海 THE SEA (part of SHANGHAI)

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This is a revision of an older animation, now it is easier to read.

ANSWER HERE

ANSWER HERE

GRAMMAR WEDNESDAY – preposition 对 /duì/

GRAMMAR WEDNESDAY – preposition 对 /duì/

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The primary meaning of 对 /duì/ is OPPOSITE – in the sense THE OPPOSITE SIDE, or even TO OPPOSE something.

If you are often with Chinese people, you often hear this 对 /duì/ in the meaning YES, THAT’S RIGHT.

It sounds illogical, but there is a reason for that.

Imagine that you put two things that are opposite each other close to each other so that they are actually touching – and you find that they FIT just RIGHT. The fact of fitting is 对 /duì/.

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Anyway, today is time for grammar, so we will look into another function of this word.

对 /duì/ is a very important preposition.

When you want to say that something is too expensive FOR you or that smoking isn’t good FOR health, you use 对 /duì/.

对 /duì/ if FOR – but not in the sense that we have bought something for someone, but in the situations when we are describing attitude TO something or influence of one thing TO another.

Basically we take a phenomenon and put it OPPOSITE us (or someone or something else), we CONFRONT ourselves with it and say what the result of that confrontation is.

EXAMPLES with English, Chinese characters, Pinyin and TOP quality audio – all in modern progressive and original form HERE

Interactive list of all basic prepositions HERE

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Chineseffect is a web-app.

WEDNESDAY. CHINESE GRAMMAR with ease and style…

WEDNESDAY. CHINESE GRAMMAR with ease and style.

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让 /ràng/ TO LET, TO MAKE

When I explain 让 /ràng/ to my students, I like to use the sentence… 

我让你生气 /ràngràng nǐ shēngqì/ LET ME MAKE YOU ANGRY.

On this sentence you can see both functions of 让 /ràng/.

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LET ME INTRODUCE MY FRIEND.

THIS MAKES ME HAPPY.

LET ME THINK IT OVER…

… these are just a few sentences that you can create with 让 /ràng/.

COME HERE to see and hear much more!

When the verb is modified, we usually have to …

When the verb is modified, we usually have to place the object in front the verb.

And to notify the listener that the object is in front od the verb and not behind it, we use one special grammar word. Which one?

ANSWER HERE

我今年在中国工作。

我今年在中国工作。

   /Wǒ jīnnián zài Zhōngguó gōngzuò./

      I this year in China to work. THIS YEAR I WORK IN CHINA.

TIME and SPACE specifications come between the subject and the verb.

There is one grammar word that indicates that …

There is one grammar word that indicates that something (often unpleasant) has been done BY somebody.

Do you know which one it is?

ANSWER HERE

WEDNESDAY – GRAMMAR TIME!

WEDNESDAY – GRAMMAR TIME!

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The character 过 has two readings and 2 completely different functions.

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In the reading /guò/ it means TO CROSS, TO PASS – as in 过马路 /guò mǎlù/ TO CROSS THE ROAD

Interactive list of motion verbs HERE (click on everything that is clickable)

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In the reading /guo/ it is a grammar word that we put right after the verb to indicate that we have the experience of doing something.

Like 我去过中国 /Wǒ qù guo Zhōngguó/ I HAVE BEEN TO CHINA.

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– Dynamic Example Sentences

– Top Quality Audio

ALL HERE

WEDNESDAY. CHINESE GRAMMAR WITH EASE AND STYLE…

WEDNESDAY. CHINESE GRAMMAR WITH EASE AND STYLE.

得 /de/

We use 得 /de/ to connect a verb and a quality – in sentences like HE WORKS FAST, SHE SPEAKS CHINESE WELL etc.

Construction looks like this: SUBJECT – VERB – DE – QUALITY.

他 工作 得 很 快。

/Tā gōngzuò de hěn kuài/ 

HE WORKS FAST. (He – to work – de – fast.)

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When the verb is followed by an object, the construction looks like this:

SUBJECT – VERB – OBJECT – VERB again – DE – QUALITY.

她 说 汉语 说 很 好。

/Tā shuō hànyǔ shuō de hěn hǎo./

SHE SPEAKS CHINESE WELL.

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Dynamic examples with TOP QUALITY AUDIO HERE