Category: learning mandarin

Hi guys, 

Hi guys, 

let’s look into the character 礼 /lǐ/ which means A RITUAL.

We can find it for example in words:

A WEDDING 婚礼 /hūnlǐ/

or A FUNERAL 丧礼 /sānglǐ/

In these two words the presence of 礼 makes perfect sense, because both A WEDDING 婚礼 and A FUNERAL 丧礼 are RITUALS.

When we say RITUAL we usually imagine something spectacular, like when an emperor or a priest or a shaman are sacrificing to gods.

But ritual in the context of traditional Chinese society isn’t just something spectacular.

Rituals in confucian society are even the most basic rules that each individual obeys.

Each person knows what his or her social role is and behaves accordingly.

That’s why we find 礼 in the word 礼貌 /lǐmào/ that means GOOD MANNERS.

We can use this word in a sentence: 

这个人没有礼貌。

   /Zhège rén méiyǒu lǐmào./ 

      THIS PERSON DOESN’T HAVE GOOD MANNERS.

And there is one more word that I want to show you here…

When you give A PRESENT to somebody, you give him 礼物 /lǐwù/
, lit. A RITUAL OBJECT – and that makes sense because in old times GIFTS or PRESENTS were something that officials and diplomats were giving to each other as a part of A RITUAL.

Giving presents among normal people wasn’t as common and widespread as today.

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INTERACTIVE FLASHCARDS and DYNAMIC EXAMPLE SENTENCES related directly to 礼 /lǐ/ are HERE

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This is going to be a podcast if enough of you folks want it – all you need to do is to like it or reblog it if you want to hear it! 🙂

山很高 /Shān hěn gāo/ THE MOUNTAIN IS HIGH

山很高 /Shān hěn gāo/ THE MOUNTAIN IS HIGH

海很深 /Hǎi hěn shēn/ THE SEA IS DEEP

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Describing that something is HIGH or DEEP is speaking of quality.

When we speak of quality, we connect “verbs of quality” with /hěn/.

Why?

Without it we would be saying that THE MOUNTAIN IS HIGHER and THE SEA IS DEEPER.

This rule applies to positive notification sentences.

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FM_yunfei

2 FUNCTIONS OF THE WORD 在 /zài/

2 FUNCTIONS OF THE WORD 在 /zài/

1) it means TO BE SOMEWHERE (and of course it can be used just as a preposition)

2) it is a short version of 现在 /xiànzài/ NOW

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Also notice the sound similarity of words /hái/ 还 STILL and /hǎi/ 海 THE SEA (part of SHANGHAI)

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This is a revision of an older animation, now it is easier to read.

QUIZ and VIDEO TIME!

QUIZ and VIDEO TIME!

Hi guys, I’m back from hospital, the shoulder hurts as hell but that can’t stop me from providing you with the new content. 🙂

I like this sentence a lot because you can see two important functions of one useful character here.

As you know, answers to these quizzes are usually original videos – and here is no exception. Cool video ANSWER HERE

Btw. the web hasn’t returned from the dead yet but don’t worry, all the data are safe, just the transition to another – more reliable provider – takes some time.

ANSWER in a form of a cool video HERE

ANSWER in a form of a cool video HERE

Regular

Guys, I think this is dedication 🙂

Waiting for my SURGERY, designing the word SURGERY 手术 /shǒushù/.

A SURGERY literary is A SKILL/ART 术 of A HAND 手.

ATTENTION!

ATTENTION!

ANSWER in a form of a cool video HERE

ANSWER in a form of a cool video HERE

Vocabulary Monday

Vocabulary Monday

理 /lǐ/ ORDER

The character consists of 王 – it looks like /wáng/ KING but here it represents /yù/ A JADE (precious stone that Chinese use for ritual purposes). 

The other part is 里 /lǐ/ – it means INSIDE but more important is how it looks. It looks like A GRID.

This characters shows A GRID of veins in A JADE – and these veins are organised in certain ORDER.

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理 /lǐ/ is a part of words like: TO MANAGE, MANAGER, DIRECTOR, REASON/SENSE, TO PAY ATTENTION, PSYCHOLOGY

You will find them as Interactive Flashcards with Dynamic Example Sentences HERE.

ANSWER HERE

ANSWER HERE